Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger; 16 April 1927) is pope emeritus of the Catholic Church. He served as the 265th pope from 2005 to 2013. He Retires today February 28, 2013.
The Pope (latin: papa, Greek: pappas, it is a “child’s word for father), other names of the Pope:
- Bishop of Rome
- The leader of the worldwide Catholic Church
- Successor of Saint Peter
- The Papacy (The Office of the Pope)
- The Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of The “Holy See” (Latin: Sancta Sedes)
- The Ecclesiatical Jurisdiction of The “Apostolic See” (based on Church tradition of the Apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul-martyred in Rome, Italy).
- Head of State of Vatican City